Trade Unions

All the articles on Trade Unions, negotiating mechanisms in Railways.

Permanent Negotiating Machinery (PNM) , Fort-Nightly meetings (FNM), JCM & CA

  • PNM was set up in the year 1952 and came into force from 1.1.52.
  • It aims to maintain contact with labour and to resolve disputes and differences, which may arise between Railway Labour and Administration.
  • Collective bargaining, across the table negotiations and give and take policy are the main principles behind PNM.

Level of Meetings