Permanent Negotiating Machinery (PNM) , Fort-Nightly meetings (FNM), JCM & CA

  • PNM was set up in the year 1952 and came into force from 1.1.52.
  • It aims to maintain contact with labour and to resolve disputes and differences, which may arise between Railway Labour and Administration.
  • Collective bargaining, across the table negotiations and give and take policy are the main principles behind PNM.

Level of Meetings

Factories Act 1948

The Government of India has enacted this Act during 1948 to provide safeguard to the workers against exploitation by the employers and to ensure their safety, health and welfare. This Act also provides minimum period of rest , payment of wages for extra hours of duty and enjoins on the employer certain obligation towards the employee.