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General Railway Topics

Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR)

  • The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udagamandalam (Ootacamund or Ooty) in Tamil Nadu.
  • It uses rack and pinion system to climb the steep gradient(1 in 12 steepest in India), the only railway line in India to use this system.
  • NMR was opened in 1908 and was operated by the former Madras Railway Company.
  • In 2005,UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway to the World Heritage Site.

Technical terms in Railway circulars


ab initio

From the beginning

ad hoc

A solution designed for a specific problem or task, non-generalizable

bona fide

Indian Railways Fact Sheet

  • Third largest railway network in the world with route kilometer of nearly  64,000 route km.
  • IR operations span 170 years, from the first train that ran from Mumbai to Thane on April 16, 1853.
  • 19,000 trains are run every day including 12,000 passenger trains and 7,000 freight trains.
  • Over 7,000 stations.
  • Transports 2.65 million tonnes of freight every day.
  • Ferries 23 million passengers every day, 7.2 billion annually.
  • 1.36 million employees on its rolls.

Advanced topics on Railway Transportation

Advanced Transportation covers the advanced aspects of Railway operation and analysis of day to day operating performance. It  includes, inter-alia:

Railway Territorial Army (TA)

  • Territorial Army gives opportunity for Railwaymen to undergo military training for one month every year. In the event of a national emergency trained Railwaymen maybe called upon to meet needs of
  1. Country’s defense.
  2. Internal security.
  3. To keep Rail services uninterrupted during war and in designated areas.
  4. To help Railway administration during Railway strikes and in natural calamities like flood etc.

Benefits for the Employees on joining Territorial Army

No-objection certificate (NOC) for Passport


  • Railway staff has to get a no-objection certificate (NOC) to apply for a passport.
  • Head of the department may grant a no-objection certificate provide he is not involved in any vigilance/DAR case pending action and the employee is not likely to figure in any security records adversely.


5 myths about Indian Railway employee

1. Myth : Railway employees have huge salary package.
Fact : Railway employee salary is on par with other central government employees often for far worse working conditions. In comparison with Banks and some Corporations Railway employee is grossly underpaid. 
2. Myth: Indian Railway pays its employees a huge amount as annual bonus.

Need for change of the Railway Act 1890 and Changes brought in the RA 1989

The old Act had to be changed due to many reasons including

Railway Zones

 Indian Railways is geographically organized into zones. At present there are 17 Zonal Railways (including Metro Railway, Kolkata).

Train Controllers' Strike

All India Train Controllers Association (AITCA) is planning a mass casual leave on International Labour Day (May 1) to air a series of demands which includes higher pay scales, stress allowance (30 percent of basic pay), mike allowance (at ten pc basic) and break down allowance . The Association demands Rs 15,600- 39,100 pay band for chief controllers and deputy chief controllers and Rs 9,300- 34,800 for section controllers.


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